Sereda N.V., Chuprinin A.A., Garbuz A.O.
National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv
PRINCIPLES OF VIRTUAL LABORATORY USE WORKS
IN REMOTE TRAINING
Education is one
of the most important areas of human activity, it’s due to the necessity of
modern technologies use and the introduction of new forms of education.
Distance learning is currently the most
promising, and as a result, a rapidly developing form of education. The main
advantage of which is the opportunity to study at any time and in any place
with the installation of individual terms. However, it is difficult, both for
the organization of the educational process, and for students who use this
creators are guided by an in-patient training program. At the same time, it is
filled with a large number of various theoretical materials, examples of
calculations, calculation and graphic tasks, variants of examinations, tests.
As well as other tasks and materials which are characteristic for various
fundamental disciplines in the study require carrying out laboratory work. So,
in particular, without them it is difficult to imagine the study of theoretical
and technical mechanics, resistance of materials. As a rule, carrying out
laboratory work alive "alive" requires a material base and a
considerable investment of time and resources for their preparation. However,
it is necessary to take into account the acute shortage of time for students of
distance learning. In
addition, voluminous topics, modules and courses significantly reduce the
motivation of students. Consequently, the main task is to constantly improve
the course in order to improve the efficiency of training by optimizing the
quantity and quality of training. At the same time, most of the elements of
education implement passive forms of education. For the development of
practical skills, it is desirable to more actively integrate the student into
the educational process, as well as methods of studying materials presentation.
One of the promising directions is to conduct
a virtual laboratory work. This contributes to the rational use of time,
both of teachers and students. As well
as attracting students into the learning process.
introduction of remote technologies in to educational process, primarily in
technical disciplines, allows to modernize the use of measuring laboratory base
and improve the functionality and quality of laboratory workshops, provide
access to real equipment from any geographic location, as well as to provide
access to equipment of other universities and industrial enterprises.
possibility of an active remote experiment can significantly improve the
adaptability of teaching and the effectiveness of the organization of
independent student work, stimulates a creative approach to obtain knowledge
and learn the course successfully.
virtual work does not require significant financial costs for their
implementation. And at the same time they are a more flexible tool for teaching
students. When changing the training program there is not required replacement,
installation and establishment of expensive equipment. And the content of
laboratory work can be flexibly changed for their natural entry into the
general distance course.
connection of compact and high-quality materials, a clear statement of the
tasks and learning objectives at each stage helps students see their progress
in the course from module to module. It is necessary to create conditions for a
student to become an active participant of the educational process. In this
regard, virtual labs represent great opportunities.
Evaluation of the features of remote laboratory work use showed that the
method of remote work requires some improvement in terms of methodological
support, allows us to expand and diversify the used laboratory work on the
courses being studied, to implement the introduction of a distance learning
method from junior courses. Improvement
and refinement of the methodology for remote laboratory work will not only
improve the quality of the work itself, but also improve the quality of
training and the level of assimilated theoretical knowledge due to the
individualization of a student learning and greater technical capabilities.
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